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About DGCA

Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)

DGCA is the Indian governmental regulatory body for civil aviation under the Ministry of Civil Aviation. This directorate investigates aviation accidents and incidents.It is headquartered along Sri Aurobindo Marg, opposite Safdarjung Airport, in New Delhi.In India, DGCA is the only regulatory authority who provides


The Government of India is planning to replace the organisation with a Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), modelled on the lines of the American Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)


Regulation 2.O

  • DRONE : Drone is a layman terminology for Unmanned Aircraft (UA). There are three subsets of Unmanned Aircraft, a) Remotely Piloted Aircraft, b) Autonomous Aircraft and c) Model Aircraft.

  • UAS : An aircraft and its associated elements, which are operated with no pilot on board is called as Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS).

  • RPAS : RPAS is one subset of UAS. A remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), its associated remote pilot station(s), the required command and control links and any other components, as specified in the type design.

  • UIN :UIN is unique identification number issued by DGCA for a particular RPA (except Nano)

Civil RPA is categorized in accordance with MTOW (Maximum Take Off Weight) including payload as indicated below:

  • NANO :Less than or equal to 250 grams.
  • MICRO :Greater than 250 grams and less than or equal to 2 kg.
  • SMALL :Greater than 2 kg and less than or equal to 25 kg.
  • MEDIUM :Greater than 25 kg and less than or equal to 150 kg.
  • LARGE :Greater than 150 kg.

  • As per Regulation - Civil RPA except those indicated in Para 6.4 and 6.5 of this CAR, shall require Unique Identification Number (UIN) from DGCA. UIN will be granted where the RPAS is wholly owned either:
  • a: By a citizen of India; or
  • b: By the Central Government or any State Government or any company or corporation owned or controlled by either of the said Governments; or
  • c: By a company or a body corporate provided that:
         i) it is registered and has its principal place of business within India;
         ii) its chairman and at least two-thirds of its directors are citizens of India; and,
         iii) its substantial ownership and effective control is vested in Indian nationals

  • a: Remote pilot shall have attained 18 years of age, having passed 10th exam in English, and undergone ground/ practical training.
  • b: The ground training shall be obtained at any DGCA approved Flying Training Organization (FTO), and include the following theory subjects:
         i) Basic Radio Telephony (RT) techniques including knowledge of radio frequencies.
         ii) Flight Planning and ATC procedures.
         iii) Regulations specific to area of operations.
         iv) Basic knowledge of principles of flight and aerodynamics for fixed wing, rotary wing, and hybrid aircraft.
         v) Airspace Structure and Airspace Restrictions with knowledge of No Drone Zones.
         vi) Basic Aviation Meteorology.
  • c: The practical training shall comprise of RPA in flight having live component, and/ or simulated flight training to demonstrate control of RPA throughout its operating conditions, including safe recovery during emergencies and system malfunction. Minimum syllabus and curriculum for training capsule for Remote Pilot is given at Annexure-IX :
  • d: The requirements contained in Para 9.1 through 9.3 of this CAR are not applicable for Nano and Micro category RPA pilots intending to operate in uncontrolled airspace. However, the owner and user shall be fully aware of responsibilities for all aspects of flight safety during such operations.

  • a: Maintenance and repair of RPAS shall be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s approved procedures, as applicable.
  • b: Maintenance of the ground control equipment shall be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommended inspection and overhaul interval, as applicable.
  • c: The remote pilot/ user shall not fly the RPA unless he/ she is reasonably satisfied that all the control systems of RPA including the radio and Command & Control link are in working condition before the flight.
  • d: The UAOP holder shall maintain records of each RPA flight and make such records available to the DGCA on demand. Such records shall be maintained as per the format given in Annexure-X.

  • a: The minimum standards for manufacturing of Small and above categories of RPAS are given in Annexure-XIV.
  • b: For Nano and micro categories of RPAS, the minimum standards for manufacturing as envisaged by designer/OEM, shall be considered.
  • c: For all categories of RPAS except Nano, the manufacturer shall provide a Certificate of Compliance along with NPNT compliance to DGCA.

  • For UIN: One thousand Indian Rupees (Rs.1000/-)
  • For fresh UAOP: Twenty Five Thousand Rupees (Rs.25,000/-)
  • For Renewal of UAOP: Ten Thousand Rupees (Rs.10,000/-)

No RPA shall be flown:

  • a: Within a distance of 5 km from the perimeter of airports at Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Hyderabad;
  • b: Within a distance of 3 km from the perimeter of any civil, private or defence airports, other than those mentioned in Para 13.1(a);
  • c: Above the Obstacle Limitation Surfaces (OLS) or PANS-OPS surfaces, whichever is lower, of an operational aerodrome, specified in Ministry of Civil Aviation (Height Restrictions for Safeguarding of Aircraft Operations) Rules, 2015 notified through Gazette of India notification GSR751(E) as amended from time to time;
  • d: Within permanent or temporary Prohibited, Restricted and Danger Areas including TRA, and TSA, as notified in AIP;
  • e: Within 25km from international border which includes Line of Control (LoC), Line of Actual Control (LAC) and Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL);
  • f: Beyond 500 m (horizontal) into sea from coast line provided the location of ground station is on fixed platform over land;
  • g: WWithin 3 km from perimeter of military installations/ facilities/ where military activities/ exercises are being carried out unless clearance is obtained from the local military installation/facility;

  • If your drone or UAS weighs less than or equal to 250 grams, the simple answer is NO.

DGCA Drone Regulation 2.O (As on August 2018)

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